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Preparing a Calculation in Principle for Collecting Business Waste Fee

Municipal and commercial waste management is an environmental and economic burden, both for the municipality and businesses.  This study was conducted for the municipality of Tirat Hacarmel.

The amount of commercial and municipal waste is 4.8 million ton per year, of which 20% is recycled and the rest is landfilled. The cost of waste treatment is between 4% and 8% of the total budget of local authorities in Israel. During 2004-2014, the total expenditure of municipalities on waste management doubled (more than 4 billion shekels per year) due to the gradual increase in the landfill fee, the increase in the prices of fuel, and a gradual increase in transportation distances (to landfills sites).

Most of the municipalities in Israel manage their waste and provide waste treatment services for businesses in their area.     

In comparison with household waste, commercial waste is usually relatively clean, and businesses can be coerced to separate it at source. Separation of waste at source in the business sector carries additional benefits, such as reducing the financial investment required of both the government and the local authority for implementing the separation, and granting certainty to end facilities and increasing their profitability. Authorities that did not implement separation in households can introduce the process of separation in the commercial sector in a way that is simpler and easier to implement. Authorities that already separate waste will be able to expand and improve   the separation that presently relies on the existing systems. In this study, a calculation was conducted regarding commercial waste collection in order to create a mechanism that applies the principles of both the "polluter pays" and "simplified tax," and avoid discrimination. The mechanism is built so that it will cater for the average production rate of waste, as well as for waste production on peak days.