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National Plan for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation

This has been a joint project, co-funded by the Samuel Neaman Institute and the Ministry of Environmental Protection.

During 2010, the Energy and Environment team at the Samuel Neaman Institute has served as an advisor and integrator to the Inter-ministerial Committee for the Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases, headed by Ministry of Finance director general, Mr. Haim Shani. The committee has been appointed by power of Government resolution 1504 from March 2010, to formulate a mitigation national plan, with a 20% emission reduction in the year 2020 compared to business as usual.

The committee has appointed 3 sub-committees – green building, energy efficiency, and transportation. The Energy and Environment team at the Samuel Neaman Institute has served as the integrator for the work of the sub-committees, including, among others, conducting a thorough literature review, advising, performing economic and technical evaluations and sensitivity analyses of costs and benefits from suggested measures, and writing sub-committees' final reports.

The government has adopted the mitigation plan suggested by the Inter-ministerial Committee in November 2010, just before the Cancun Climate Change Conference, allocating a budget of NIS 2.2 Billion for the years 2010-2020 for implementation.

In the framework of the national plan, a macro-economic study has been conducted by Dr. Ruslana Palatnik and Ms. Helena Faitelson from the NRERC (Natural Resource and Environmental Research Center) at University of Haifa.

The purpose of the study was to examine overall market costs resulting from adoption of greenhouse gas mitigation policy. A computerized economic model, generating a quantified estimation of changes in prices and quantities, as well as in market costs following the implementation of greenhouse gas mitigation measures. The model explicitly takes into consideration the inter-relations among the various market sectors and between market sectors and private and public consumption, investment and international trade.

In the framework of the committee's work, various energy efficiency projects and technologies were introduced in a designated workshop. Mr. Romano, Technion chief electrical engineer, reviewed the achievements of the energy efficiency program, which has been implemented in the Technion in the last few years.