Examination of the level of Landfill Tax in Israel

The landfill tax is a regulatory tool that helps compare the cost of landfilling with the cost of waste treatment using different technological alternatives that are more environmentally friendly, but also more expensive than the landfilling alternative.

The landfill tax in Israel has been collected since 2007, and the Ministry of Environmental Protection examines what is the level of levy required to advance sustainable waste treatment in Israel.

This work, conducted at the request of the Ministry, explores landfill tax policies around the world and the external costs of landfilling worldwide and in Israel.

Based on the international review and on the estimated external costs, a recommendation was made to update the level and type of landfill levies to be adopted in Israel. In addition, in order to complete the process and create an incentive to establish technologies for waste recycling and recovery, it is necessary to create a supplemental policy. This package includes: promoting "bio-degradable" regulations and banning the placement of organic waste that has not been stabilized in landfills; increased supervision of pirate littering and levying heavy fines on perpetrators; close supervision of the transfer of waste to landfills according to suggested categories; diverting revenues from the levy to support technologies (until their economy is established); assistance to local authorities in separation activities, education, and advocacy.

The study recommends that the policy of the Ministry of Environmental Protection be dynamic and adapted to the developments in the field of domestic waste, while being sensitive to market failures.

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